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Harriet Tubman was born a slave in 1820. She escaped as a young woman an made her way to St. Catharine's, Ontario but returned to the United States nineteen times working as a "conductor" on the "Underground Railroad." When the American Civil War…

In 1849, Henry Bibb published Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, An American Slave, Written by Himself in which this picture appears. It is interesting that he chose a handbill advertizing himself as a runaway slave for his portrait…

Jeremiah Jones was from Truro, Nova Scotia who fought in the First World War, including at Vimy Ridge. He enlisted in the Nova Scotia Rifles but was later transferred to the Royal Canadian Regiment. Despite his bravery in battle he did not receive…

Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe played a significant role in the passing of a law in Upper Canada in 1793 that was intended to gradually eliminate slavery. While existing slaves would remain slaves, the law disallowed any new slaves from…

From left to right, these people are Mildred Ware, her son Robert, her daughter Nettie, and her husband John Ware. John Ware was originally from South Carolina where he was born into a slave family. When he grew up he became a successful rancher in…

This image of Joseph Papineau was painted 26 years after he presented the citizen's petition endorsing the abolition of slavery in Lower Canada.

This illustration shows the way slave ships were packed with slaves during the Atlantic slave trade. The illustration was used as evidence presented to a select committee of the British House of Commons in 1790-1791. However, it took another…

The then British colony of Jamaica had a significant population of escaped American and West Indies slaves, called Maroons, who lived there in freedom. Some had lived in Jamaica for generations. After an unsuccessful revolt against the British…

The Underground Railroad was the name given to the system of secret routes and stopping points that White and Black abolitionists and fugitive slaves used to get fugitives out of the southern American "slave states" and into the northern "free…

Marie Joseph Angelique was a Black slave woman living in Montreal in the early eighteenth century. She was accused of setting fire to her mistress’s house and, in doing so, burning down half of what is now Old Montreal. She was tried in a court…