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This illustration shows the way slave ships were packed with slaves during the Atlantic slave trade. The illustration was used as evidence presented to a select committee of the British House of Commons in 1790-1791. However, it took another…

Richard Pierpoint is an example of a man who was captured and enslaved in Africa and transported to the United States where he was a slave before he gained his freedom and made his way to Canada. He fought on the side of the British during the…

The Underground Railroad was the name given to the system of secret routes and stopping points that White and Black abolitionists and fugitive slaves used to get fugitives out of the southern American "slave states" and into the northern "free…

Harriet Tubman was born a slave in 1820. She escaped as a young woman an made her way to St. Catharine's, Ontario but returned to the United States nineteen times working as a "conductor" on the "Underground Railroad." When the American Civil War…

In 1849, Henry Bibb published Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, An American Slave, Written by Himself in which this picture appears. It is interesting that he chose a handbill advertizing himself as a runaway slave for his portrait…

The son of American fugitives living in Toronto, Anderson Ruffin Abbott became the first Black medical doctor in Canada. During the American Civil War, he volunteered as a surgeon for the Union forces. After returning to Canada he became Canada's…

From left to right, these people are Mildred Ware, her son Robert, her daughter Nettie, and her husband John Ware. John Ware was originally from South Carolina where he was born into a slave family. When he grew up he became a successful rancher in…

Many Black families that came to Alberta and Saskatchewan in the early 1900s took up farming. Some were able to take over abandoned, partially established land claims. Others had to start from scratch. Nevertheless within a decade, the average…

Jeremiah Jones was from Truro, Nova Scotia who fought in the First World War, including at Vimy Ridge. He enlisted in the Nova Scotia Rifles but was later transferred to the Royal Canadian Regiment. Despite his bravery in battle he did not receive…

Viola Desmond was a woman ahead of her time on several levels. In 1946 she was a young, successful, Black, female entrepreneur. At a young age she had recognized a lack of beauty services for Black women and launched the Desmond Studio of Beauty…