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For access to the accompanying historiographical essay, with more information about black history and linkages to the Enlightenment, the Romantic era, and the Realist era, scroll to the bottom of this page and click on the document beside the picture…

This 1788 image is described by Library and Archives Canada as a "rare and early example" of a Black person in what was then the British colony of Nova Scotia. This watercolour by artist William Booth depicts a wood cutter, indicating lumbering as a…

Mary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893) was a black American who, despite being born free, came to Canada when the U.S. Fugitive Slave Act was implemented in 1850. She was a teacher, abolitionist, and activist. In 1853 she became the first woman in Canada…

The mid-nineteenth century was a chaotic time in the North American northwest. British Columbia was not a province but a scattered collection of British colonies. The border dispute with the Americans had only recently been settled. But the gold…